PROSPECTS FOR INTEGRATION OF MIGRANTS FROM "THIRD COUNTRIES" AND THEIR LABOUR MARKET SITUATIONS: TOWARDS POLICIES AND ACTION
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Peace Institute, Institute for Contemporary Social and Political Studies, Ljubljana, Slovenia

Mojca Pajnik (PhD in communication, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana) works as a scientific counsellor at the Peace Institute in Ljubljana and as assistant professor at the Faculty of Social Sciences in Ljubljana where she teaches courses on globalization. She has been a project coordinator to several national and international initiatives on migration, citizenship and gender: Research on Immigrants in Slovenia (Open Society Institute, 2001), In-Depth Applied Research to Better Understand the Demand Side of Trafficking in Persons (IOM, 2006), Active Citizenship: Towards Politics of Equality (Slovene Research Agency, 2007–2009), Towards the Establishment and Monitoring of International Indexes on Trafficking in Human Beings (Ministry of Foreign Affairs of RS, 2007). She has appeared as a partner to several projects, among them: Gendered Movement, Sex Work and Exploitation: Trafficking in Women and Prostitution (Austrian Science and Research Liaison Offices, 2005–2006) and FeMiPol (FP6, 2006–2008). She is program director of the East East: Partnership Beyond Borders Program, Open Society Institute at the PI that funds international initiatives on larger issues of social justice. Her recent publications include Prostitution and Human Trafficking: Gender, Labor and Migration Aspects (PI, 2008) and an edited volume Alternative Media and the Politics of Resistance: Perspectives and Challenges, eds. M. Pajnik and J. D. H. Downing (PI, 2008). She is co-author of Where in the Puzzle: Trafficking from, to and through Slovenia (IOM 2003), and of Immigrants, who are you? Research on Immigrants in Slovenia (PI, 2001). She has published several articles in peer-reviewed journals such as the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Citizenship Studies, European Journal of Social Theory.

Veronika Bajt (PhD in Sociology, University of Bristol, UK) is a researcher at the Peace Institute and a lecturer at the IUIES, Italy. In 2005 – 2006 she was a postdoctoral fellow and guest lecturer at the Masaryk University, Czech Republic. Her field of research includes migrations, studies of nationalism, ethnicity and racism. She has been involved in several international research projects, e.g. FeMiPol – Integration of Female Immigrants in Labour Market and Society: Policy Assessment and Policy Recommendations (FP6, 2006–2008); The “Erased” People of Slovenia – A Challenge for a Young Nation-State (2007-2009); Spinning Out Of Control: Rhetoric and Violent Conflict – Representations of “Self” – “Other” in the Yugoslav Successor States (2006–2008); Analysis and Promotion of Policy Debate on the European Future of Turkey and Ukraine in Four Central European States (2005-2006). Her publications include: “Reorganising the Identification Matrix: Televisual Construction of Collective Identities in the Early Phase of Yugoslav Disintegration” with S. Mihelj and M. Pankov; in: Kolsto, P. (ed.): Media Discourse and the Yugoslav Conflicts: Representations of Self and Other. Ashgate, 2009; “Television News, Narrative Conventions and National Imagination” with S. Mihelj and M. Pankov, Discourse and Communication, 3(1): 57-78, 2009; “Muslims in Slovenia: Between Tolerance and Discrimination.” Revija za sociologiju, 39(4): 221-234, 2008; “Slovenia” in P. Kazmierkiewicz (ed.) EU Accession Prospects for Turkey and Ukraine: Debates in New Member States. Institute of Public Affairs, Warsaw, 2006; “Contemporary Slovenia and the ‘Other’” in M. Pajnik, T. Kuzmanić (eds.) Nation-States and Xenophobias: In the Ruins of Former Yugoslavia.  Peace Institute, Ljubljana, 2005; “Slovenian Nationalism”, Sprawy Narodowosciowe, 24-25: 9–30, 2004.

Sanja Herič obtained Msc in International Development Studies at Utrecht University in the Netherlands in 2008. During bachelor’s studies of International relations at Faculty of Social Sciences in Ljubljana, Slovenia she has became member of several youth organizations, such as National and International association of political science students and Youth Council of Slovenia. There she has actively participated in the executive structures and was representing those organization on the international level such as General Assemblies and Annual Conferences, Winter schools and Youth week. She was involved in organization and participation of various national and international projects such as youth forums, conferences, workshops, seminars, trainings and exchanges. Topic she dealt with during her involvement in youth work ranged from youth policies, to democratization, globalization, human rights and migration. She has applied and carried out international exchange under Action 1 of Youth in Action programme by the EC titled "Multiculturalism- Slovenia and the Netherlands: United in diversity" where Dutch and Slovenian political science students exchanged opinions about problems of minorities, migration issues and multiculturalism in their countries. During her master studies she carried out research in the scope of her study internship in three Burmese refugee camps in Thailand. Research and the subsequent master thesis were dealing with human rights versus freedoms of refugees, in particular children and youth and with the poverty alleviation of refugees and humanitarian aid programmes in camps. In February 2009 she assumed the position of research assistant at Peace Institute.

Neža Kogovšek, LLM, obtained her degree in law in 2002 at the University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Law. As a Ron Brown fellow she obtained her Masters degree at the University of Notre Dame, United States of America, in international human rights law in 2004. She worked at the Legal Information Centre of Non-governmental Organizations – LIC in Ljubljana, and at the international non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch in New York. In 2005 she joined the research team at the Peace Institute where she continues to work on human rights, specifically on anti-discrimination, asylum and migration. She cooperates with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and numerous organizations abroad. She also cooperates with the University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Law as an asylum law Moot Court coach and a lecturer at the Asylum Legal Clinic. Since 2007 she is a member of the European Network of Legal Experts in the Anti-Discrimination Field.

Symfiliosi (Reconciliation), Cyprus


Nicos Trimikliniotis, PhD, is an assistant professor of Law and Sociology and directs the Centre for the Study of Migration, Inter-ethnic & Labour Relations at the University of Nicosia which is a specialist centre of study and a network of experts, researchers, NGOs, policy-makers, advocates and activists. He is a British trained Barrister at law and sociologist (PhD). Up until February 2006, he was the Director of the Cyprus Labour Institute (INEK PEO), a non profit-making research centre specializing on research and training on subjects such as labour issues, employment, integration, law and social issues and policy. He is the Director of the Cyprus National Focal Point of the RAXEN network for 2004-2006 and the Scientific Director for the RAXEN NFP for the years 2007-2010. Between 2003 and 2007, he was the National Expert of the Network of Legal Experts in the Non-discrimination Field, which examined transposition into national legislation and implementation of the anti-discrimination directives, run by the Migration Policy Group and Human European Consultancy and has authored the country reports for Cyprus (2003, 2005, 2006). This work together with other of his publications are cited in the sources of the Third ECRI Report on Cyprus published in 2006. The other works cited are: "Mapping Discrimination in Cyprus: Ethnic Discrimination in a Divided Education System", The Cyprus Review, vol. 16:1, Spring 2004, pp. 53-86; "Mapping Discrimination in Cyprus: Ethnic Discrimination in the Labour Market", The Cyprus Review, vol. 15:1, Spring 2003, pp. 121-148 [co-authored with Pantelides, P.]. He has in depth knowledge of the RAXEN's aspects and requirements and of methods and techniques for reporting. In the last years he has been one of the main authors of all the RAXEN deliverables of the Cyprus NFP: Annual National Data Collection Reports 2004, 2005, 2006; Rapid Responses Reports (e.g. Islamophobia, racial violence etc), the Thematic Studies on 'RAXEN Special Study: Roma, Sindi, Gypsies and Travellers in public education in Cyprus' (2004), the Cyprus Special Study on 'Organisations supporting victims of racial discrimination' (2005) and the 'Combating ethnic and racial discrimination and promoting equality: Trends and developments 2000-2005' (2006). Moreover his work on racism and discrimination is quoted in all studies on racism and discrimination in Cyprus.

Corina Demetriou is a legal researcher with many years of experience in legal practice, legal research and NGO involvement in the field of human rights. She holds an undergraduate degree in law and a Masters degree (Ll.M) in international law, with a focus on international human rights law, both from U.K. Universities and is fluent in English. She was an active member of the joint Greek and Turkish Cypriot "Citizens Movement for an independent and federal Cyprus" 1988 - 1989 and has served on a number of bi-communal peace promoting committees. She has provided legal assistance to human rights NGOs from 1990, starting with the Committee for the rights of Turkish-Cypriots residing in the South (1990-1993) and subsequently with other initiatives and movements throughout the 1990s and until presently, aiming at promoting reconciliation with the Turkish-Cypriot community. She serves on the Board of Directors of Symfiliosi and has co-ordinated many of the projects run by this organisation, including the UNHCR funded project on provision of legal assistance to asylum seekers and refugees (2005-2006). She is currently involved as an analyst in the AGIS research project run by Symfiliosi on the demand side of sex trafficking and in two other EU funded research projects: DAPHNE II and the "2005 Actions in support of civil society in the Member States which acceded to the European Union on 1st May 2004", on unaccompanied migrant minors and on the detention conditions of migrants, respectively. She has been selected as national co-ordinator of the new series of Capacity Building Training of anti-discrimination NGOs held in Cyprus in 2007.

Olga Demetriou is an anthropologist, whose work includes research on the politicisation of Turkish minority identities in Greece (PhD, 2002) and the process of political subjectivisation in Cyprus following the opening of the border and accession to the EU. She carried out research at Wolfson College, Cambridge, St Peter’s College, Oxford, and at the European Studies Centre, St Antony’s College, Oxford. She has written on urban division, border crossings, gender, minority politics, and space. Her work has appeared in international journals such as Cultural Anthropology, the Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, Identities, and Ethnic and Racial Studies. She has recently completed a project called Living Together: Migrant Cities Research on migrants in Nicosia.

Mihaela Fulias-Souroulla, PhD, MA studied sociology, political and administrative sciences at the West University Timisoara in Romania. She was previous one of the researchers in the EU project: Integration of female immigrants in labour market and society. Policy assessment and policy recommendations, A Comparative study including 8 European countries including Cyprus, Intercollege, Research Project Femipol, EU sixth Framework Program. Her PhD thesis is about Marriages between Foreign Nationals and Greek Cypriots in the Republic of Cyprus, at the University of Cyprus. She is a fluent Greek language speaker, as she lives and has researched in Cyprus for seven years. She has extensive experience in interviewing, as she has conducted research in her native Romania and Cyprus. She worked as a fellow researcher within the political sociology group from "The Third Europe" Programme, Open Society Foundation, Romania. The research responsibilities concerned the multicultural civil society in Central-European plural societies. Her specific contribution was about the importance of women’s participation in NGOs of ethnic minorities. She also carried out qualitative research on the subject of women’s participation in political parties, interviewing female political leaders. In Cyprus, she has conducted quantitative and qualitative research on cross-border marriage/mixed marriage and migration issues, with special emphasis on the experiences and projects of non-EU migrant women married to Greek Cypriots. Her scientific interests include marriage migration, cross-border marriage, ethnic groups and gender studies.

University of Helsinki, Aleksanteri Institute – Finnish Centre for Russian and Eastern European Studies (UH), Finland


Aino Saarinen (Dr.Soc.Sc, University of Oulu) is a Senior Researcher at Aleksanteri Institute and an Adjunct Professor in Women’s Studies and Sociology at Tampere University and Oulu University. She has led the project RWN, Russian Women as Immigrants in Norden: Finland, Norway and Sweden; Gender Perspectives on Everyday Life, Citizenship and Social Justice. In 2006, she convened (with Marina Calloni, Milan) the ESF workshop: Eastern European Women as Immigrants in Western European Trans-regions. At present, she is responsible for the project WGA, Welfare, Gender and Agency in Russia in the 2000s. She has directed a Nordic-NW.Russian development and research network for crisis centres in Barents and coordinated also a few other Nordic-international networks. In 1999-02, Saarinen was the Nordic Visiting Professor in Women’s Studies at Nevsky Institute, St. Petersburg, in 1996-98, the Head of Research at Nordic Institute for Women’s Studies and Gender Research, Oslo University. She has published on feminist theories, mobilisation against gender violence and organising in transnational settings, and on migration eg (in English): Russian Women Immigrants in Grey Zones of the ´Women-friendly´ Norden (with Jana Sverdljuk, NIKK Magazine 2006); Reflections on Interviewing Russian Women as Immigrants: Challenges in the Nordic Fields (Studia Slavica Finlandensia 2006). Currently she is co/editing four volumes (on RWN; ESF workshop; women on the move in Russia; fieldwork methodologies in Eastern Europe).

Maija Jäppinen (M.Soc.Sc, BA, University of Helsinki) is a doctoral student at the department of Social Policy and Social Work and the Aleksanteri Institute – the Finnish Centre for Russian and Eastern European Studies, the University of Helsinki. The theme of her doctoral dissertation (in progress) is "Social Work Practices, Gender and Relations to the Service System in Crisis Centres for Women in Russia". In 2007 she worked as a researcher in the project "EMPATHOS – Preventive Work with Children and Families in the Border Region of Finland and Russia", the main focus of which was immigrant families with Russian background in South-Eastern Finland. She has recently published two articles on Russian immigrant families in South-Eastern Finland (in Finnish, published in Jäppinen, Hurtig & Törrönen, eds., Paths and Encounters of Everyday Life. Immigrants with Russian Background and the Service System in South-Eastern Finland): Immigration, Everyday Life and Needs for Services. Experiences of the Parents of Immigrant Families with Russian Background of the Service System in South-Eastern Finland and Finding Cultural Sensitivity. Analyzing the Expectations of Immigrants and Professionals, with Hurtig.

Institute of Social Research at J.W. Goethe University (IfS), Germany


Maria Kontos, PhD, is currently senior research fellow at the Institute of Social Research at the J.W. Goethe University and lecturer for sociology at the J. W. Goethe University. She has extensively researched and published on migration policies in Europe, integration of migrants in labour markets, ethnic business, gender and migration, and entrepreneurship. She is co editor of the special issue of the International Review of Sociology "Self-employment Gender and Migration", Vol. 13, No. 1, 2003, and the edited book "Self-employment activities of women and minorities; their success or failure in relation to social citizenship policies", Wiesbaden 2008. She was principal investigator in the EU funded projects "Strategies of social integration of ethnic Greeks in Greek labour market and society" (1995-1996), "Self-employment activities of women and minorities; their success or failure in relation to social citizenship policies" (1997-2000) and "The Chances of the Second Generation in Families of ethnic entrepreneurs. Intergenerational and Gender aspects of quality of life processes" 5th FP (2002-2005). Since January 2006, she coordinates the research project "Integration of female immigrants in labour market and society. Policy assessment and policy recommendations" financed by the 6th FP of the EC. She is member of the Research Committee "Biography and Society" in the International Sociological Association, of the Section "Biographical Research" in the German Sociological Association and of the Frankfurt Centre for Women’s and Gender Studies.

Sidonia Blättler, PhD, is since 2006 scientific speaker and senior researcher at the Institute of Social Research at the J. W. Goethe-University, Frankfurt. She was assistant professor of political philosophy and feminist theory at the University of Zurich, and the Free University of Berlin. Her publications include: „Gender, Nation and State in Modern European Philosophy," in Gender, Nation and State in Modern Japan, ed. Andrea Germer, Vera Mackie and Ulrike Woehr (London: Routledge/Curzon, forthcoming); „Die Rechte von Frauen zwischen Universalismus und kultureller Selbstbestimmung. Exit¬op¬tion und der Zugang zur Staatsbürgerschaft," in Bürgerschaft und Migration. Einwanderung und Einbürgerung aus ethisch-politischer Perspektive, ed. Simone Zurbuchen (Münster: LIT Verlag, 2007); Nationale Identität, nationaler Gegensatz und die Geschlechterdifferenz am Beispiel von Fichtes „Reden an die deutsche Nation" (IWM Working Paper No. 2/2002. Vienna 2002).

Birte Radmacher is a student of Sociology and Social Psychology at the Goethe University. Her main studies and research interests are related to labour market issues, migration and development. In the framework of an Erasmus exchange, in the academic year 2007-2008, she attended at the University of Nantes/France courses in sociology of work. She plans to utilize the experience in the PRIMTS project for her graduate thesis.

Central European University, Budapest (CEU), Hungary


Andrea Pető, Prof. Dr habil., is associate professor at the Department of Gender Studies at the Central European University, and associate professor at University of Miskolc, where she directs the Equal Opportunity and Gender Studies Center, Hungary. Her first monograph: Nohistóriák. A politizáló magyar nok története (1945-1951), Budapest: Seneca, 1998 was published in English by Columbia University Press/East European Monographs as Women in Hungarian Politics 1945-1951 in 2003. She wrote the biography of Rajk Júlia (Balassi, Budapest, 2001) in the series "Feminism and History" (also published as Geschlecht, Politik und Stalinismus in Ungarn. Eine Biographie von Júlia Rajk. Studien zur Geschichte Ungarns, Bd. 12. Gabriele Schäfer Verlag, 2007.) Her next monograph is exploring gender and conservatism: Napasszonyok és Holdkisasszonyok. A mai magyar konzervatív női politizálás alaktana, (Women of Sun and Girls of Moon. Morphology of Contemporary Hungarian Women Doing Politics) Budapest: Balassi, 2003. She is also the author of numerous articles in English, Russian, German, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Georgian, Hungarian, Italian and French about migration, different dimensions of political participations. She was a partner in the GRINE project 2001-2004. She edited volumes in Hungarian, in English, and in Russian and she serves on the board of several journals in the field of women's history (Gender and History, Clio, Visuoemene, Kultúra, Straipsniu rinktine) and is an associate editor of Feminist Europe. The Review of Books, member of the editorial board of Memory and Narrative, President of the gender and women’s history section of the Hungarian Historical Association and the Feminist Section of the Hungarian Sociological Association. She was awarded the Officer’s Cross Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary (Magyar Koztarsasagi Erdemrend Tisztikeresztje) in 2005 and the Bolyai Prize of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in 2006.

Noemi Kakucs is currently program coordinator at the Department of Political Science of the Central European University, Budapest, Hungary. She has completed an MA at the Gender Studies Department of CEU in 2006. She has participated as research assistant in the EU FP6 funded InTune (Integrated and United: a Quest for Citizenship in an ‘Ever Closer Europe") project. Her research interests include anti-discrimination policy (especially on grounds of race and ethnicity, gender), implementation and institutionalization of anti-discrimination and equal opportunity policies, gender equality policies (more specifically gender mainstreaming) in Central and Eastern Europe. Her recent publication is entitled "Women in European Societies. Societal Justice East and West." in Movements, Migrants, Marginalisation. Challenges of Societal and Political Participation in Eastern Europe and the Enlarged EU. (Edited by: Sabine Fisher, Heiko Pleies, Hans-Henning Schröder. Research Centre for Eastern European Studies, Bremen, 2007).

Department of Education, University of Florence (DSE-UNIFI), Italy


Giovanna Campani: Professor of Intercultural Education at the University of Florence (Italy), Faculty of Education. PhD. in Ethnology, University of Nice (France) (1988) on "Family, Village and Regional Networks of Italian Immigrants in France" and a Master of Philosophy, University of Pisa, (Italy) on "History, Science and Sociology in Max Weber' s Tought". Between 1992 and 1996 she has been Senior Lecturer of Comparative Education at the University of Florence (Italy). Director of a Master in "Gender, citizenship and cultural pluralism" and of a post-graduate course in "Education and cultural pluralism" at the University of Florence. Project coordinator of several EU projects, such as "Social Return" (Leonardo da Vinci Programme, 2004-ISL-04-B-PP-164002); "FeMiPol. Integration of female immigrants in labour market and society. Policy assessment and policy recommendations" (SSP4, 022666); "INCLUD-ED" (028603-2, CITIZENS-2004-2.1.2). Author of different books and has published many articles in qualified journals. Recent publications: CAMPANI G., SALIMBENI O., (2006) La fortezza e i ragazzini. Minori stranieri non accompagnati, Franco Angeli, Milan; CAMPANI, G. (2003), Perché siamo musulmane, Guerini, Milan; CAMPANI G., LAPOV Z., CARCHEDI, F., (2002), Piccoli Migranti. Minori non accompagnati in Italia e in Europa, Franco Angeli, Milan; CAMPANI G., LAPOV Z., (2001), Dinamiche identitarie, lingua ed educazione multiculturale, L’Harmattan Italia, Turin; CAMPANI G., SOMMO L., (ed), (2001), L’Euro: aspetti simbolici e dimensione economica, Guerini, Milan; CAMPANI, G., (2000), Genere, etnia e classe: migrazioni al femminile tra esclusione e appartenenza, ETS, Pisa; CAMPANI G., CARCHEDI F., PICCIOLINI A., MOTTURA G. (edited), (2000), I colori della notte. Migrazioni, sfruttamento sessuale, esperienze di intervento sociale, Franco Angeli, Milan;CAMPANI G., CARCHEDI F., MOTTURA G. (ed.), (1999), Spazi migratori e luoghi dello sviluppo, L’Harmattan Italia, Turin.

Olivia Salimbeni: PhD in "Quality of training" at the University of Florence, Department of Education. Research assistance at the University of Florence, Department of Education. Co-operation with Prof. Giovanna Campani (University of Florence). Participating at several European Projects, such as: "The risk group of unaccompanied minor migrants. Experiences of the concerned youths and need for political action" (2001), "National Employment Strategies towards Migrants and Ethnic Minorities" (2001), "Prevention and fight against trafficking: Institutional developments in Europe" (2002), "HeiRat I – Marriage as Immigration Gate: The Situation of Female Marriage Migrants from Third Countries in the EU Member States" (2002), "HeiRat II – Protection and Aid Measures for Female Marriage Migrants from Third Countries in the Member States of the European Union" (2003), "Integration of female immigrants in labour market and society. Policy assessment and policy recommendations" (in progress). Relevant publications: SALIMBENI O., "Marriage Migration in Portugal", in SCHLENZKA N. (2006), Female Marriage Migrants: Awareness Raising and Violence Prevention, Edition Parabolis, Berlino; SALIMBENI O., "Marriage Migration in Spain", in SCHLENZKA N. (eds), (2006), Female Marriage Migrants: Awareness Raising and Violence Prevention, Edition Parabolis, Berlino; CAMPANI G., SALIMBENI O., (2006), La fortezza e i ragazzini. Minori stranieri non accompagnati , Franco Angeli, Milano; SALIMBENI O., "Spanish Strategies for the Prevention of Long-Term Unemployment among Immigrants", in BLASCHKE J., VOLLMER B. (eds.), (2004), Employment Strategies for Immigrants in the European Union, Edition Parabolis, Berlino.

Tiziana Chiappelli: Graduated in Philosophy at the University of Florence; Ditals certification (Foreigner University of Siena), specializing in Intercultural and Linguistic Sciences at the Foreigner University of Siena. Collaboration with the Department of Education (University of Florence, Prof.ssa G. Campani) and with FAST (Foreigner University of Siena). Her main research fields are: sociology of religions and religion studies; sociology of migrations – immigrations (esp. female migrants); second language and the school; maintenance of the mother tongue among immigrants and their children. Relevant publications: "Non avevo mai visto le case lunghe", VANNINI (2004), Firenze; CHIAPPELLI T., WHITTLE A., (2004), "Italiano attivo", Alma, Firenze; BOLOGNA E., CHIAPPELLI T., SARCOLI M., TRONCARELLI D., (2006), "Linee guida per l'insegnamento della lingua italiana a ragazzi stranieri", BULGARINI, Firenze; BOLOGNA E., CHIAPPELLI T., SARCOLI M., TRONCARELLI D. (2006), "Comunichiamo"; Bulgarini, Firenze; "Ritrovamenti rituali in emigrazione: una ricerca in corso", Religioni e Societa, n. 53, 2006; "Language competence, intercultural communication and plurilingualism in Europe" (forthcoming).